In 2011 alone, 266 homosexuals were murdered in Brazil, the Grupo Gay da Bahia revealed yesterday in occasion of the International Day Against Homophobia and Transphobia (IDAHO).
The group had based its study on press reports published by Brazilian media throughout the whole year. The federal government and most states in Brazil, however, do not record official statistics for this kind of crimes.
The Brazilian hotline Dique Derechos Humanos receives every day an average of 3.4 reports of cases of gender-related violence. Reported cases include episodes of physical, sexual, psychological and institutional abuse. After a report has been made, cases are brought to the attention of police and local governments.
Yesterday, Peruvian LGBT communities also revealed the number of gay people murdered in the country. Fourteen homosexuals (10 gays and four transsexuals) have been killed in 2011, four less than 2010. Figures were compiled by the Peruvian LGBT Network and the NGO Promsex.
Promsex director and secretary of the International Gay and Lesbian Community of Latin America and the Caribbean, George Liendo, pointed the attention to the lack of an official record of killings of homosexuals, like records for femicide.
Also Mexican LGBT communities have denounced yesterday how hard it is to investigate crimes related to gender identity or the victim’s sexual orientation in the country.
The ineffectiveness of many law systems in Latin America encourages high levels of impunity, which in turn lead to its chronic repetition, plunging the victims and their families in total helplessness. In Bolivia, 30 homosexuals were killed in the last two decades and none of these murders got punished, the local Civil Association of Social Development and Cultural Promotion revealed.
The World Health Organization removed homosexuality from the list of mental illnesses 22 years ago. It is still illegal in 78 countries, while 12 states around the world allows gay adoptions and 10 recognise gay marriages.
Following the brutal Neo-Nazi attack of a young gay man, Daniel Zamudio, in March this year, on the 9th of May the Chilean Congress approved an anti-discrimination law. The new law states that it is a criminal offence to discriminate against race, ethnicity, nationality, political opinion, religious beliefs sexual orientation, gender, illness, handicap and appearance, among other motives.
Recently, US President Barack Obama expressed his support for the gay marriage cause, and Argentina passed a Gender Identity bill into law.