Tag Archive | "papel prensa"

‘Secret’ Military Dictatorship Documents Discovered in Basement

Argentine Defence Minister Agustín Rossi and the Abuelas de Plaza de Mayo at Monday's press conference. (photo: Télam)

Argentine Defence Minister Agustín Rossi and the Abuelas de Plaza de Mayo at Monday’s press conference. (photo: Télam)

Argentine Defence Minister Agustín Rossi announced on Monday the discovery of 1,500 documents that had been hidden in the basement of the Condor building, the headquarters of the Argentine Air Force, shedding new light on the activities of the military dictatorship that ruled Argentina between 1976 and 1983.

Among the documents, discovered last Thursday thanks to information supplied by Air Force chief Mario Miguel Callejo, were the minutes of 280 secret meetings held by the Armed Forces, ‘black lists’, and a government plan until the year 2000.

“We found six original folders of the records of the military junta, all the secret minutes from the 24th March, 1976 until 10th December, 1983, with a chronology of each and the originals signed by the general secretaries of each force,” said the Minister.

“It is the first time we have had access” to this type of records, Rossi added, signalling they could have future legal repurcussions.

Rossi focussed part of his Monday press conference on Papel Prensa, the main supplier of news printing paper which was sold to Clarin, La Nación and La Razón in 1976. In 2010, President Cristina Fernández de Kirchner accused the buyers of “extorting” the family to sell them the company shares, after owner David Graiver died in an accident in Mexico.

Rossi asserted that the new documents proved that: “For the junta, the detention of [former Papel Prensa owners] the Graiver family was directly related to its sale.”

“The Justice will decide whether these documents that we have found have not only historical value, but legal value for the various lawsuits that are being carried in the various courts of Argentina,” said Rossi.

Files from the Military Dictatorship uncovered last week. (photo: Télam)

Files from the Military Dictatorship uncovered last week. (photo: Télam)

Also contained in the documents were black lists with the names of 331 intellectuals, journalists, artists, musicians, and actors, ranked according to how “dangerous” they were, which depended on their “Marxist ideological background.” Many of the names on the list were in exile, and included Norma Aleandro, Hector Alterio, Osvaldo Bayer, Norman Briski, Julio Cortázar, Rogelio García Lupo, Horacio Guarani, Victor Heredia, Federico Luppi, Osvaldo Pugliese, Rodolfo Puiggrós; Marilina Ross, Mercedes Sosa and Maria Elena Walsh.

Also uncovered were records of requests for information from the relatives of desaparecidos (missing persons) and directions to avoid using the term ‘personas desaparecidas’ (missing persons) in public, and instead refer to ‘pedidos de paraderos de personas’ (requests for whereabouts of people).

The files also show the military dictatorship had plans for the country until the year 2000. An Action Plan devised by the then-Planning Chief General Díaz Bessone divided the government’s plans into two phases: the first, “foundation stage”, until the 1990s, and the second stage, or “new republic”, until the year 2000.

The minister also showed a letter from the Association of Argentine Banks (ADEBA) concerning contributions to the government’s project schedule. “Therefore, as the president says, the coup was not just military but civilian-military, in these documents there is evidence to that effect,” concluded Rossi.


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Anti-terrorism Law Includes Market Manipulation

A new anti-terrorism law was approved today by the chamber of deputies in congress, the majority were President Cristina Fernández de Kirchner’s supporters.

The head of the Financial Investigative Unit (UIF), José Sbatella, confirmed this morning that the new anti-terrorism law legalises the arrest of businessmen that the national government consider to be “terrorizing the population or affecting governing,” through “a bank race or an attack on the currency.”

Although according to the UIF president, this will not “penalize social protesting, since there is a paragraph to clear that out.”

Sbatella, who is also in charge of the anti-money laundry unit, pointed out that the new law will also give heavier sentences to terrorism financing and money laundry.

Along with the new law, a controversial set of measures were also passed – among them a bill allowing the state to regulate of the price of newsprint paper, and one imposing new conditions on land sales to foreign investors.

Posted in News From Argentina, Round Ups ArgentinaComments (1)

Raid of Papel Prensa Headquarters

The headquarters of Papel Prensa was raided for the alleged ‘false balances’ the company was accused of issuing for years.

Daniel Reposo of the Reciever General’s Office said today that the raid that was conducted at the Papel Prensa “will be enough for the judge to continue working” on the premise that the company is being investigated for false balances.

Papel Prensa’s headquarters, located at Mitre 739 was raided “for reasons of false balances throughout history,” said Reposo. “For 32 years, with one internal auditor, certain assumptions and documentation note that the balances presented throughout history of Papel Prensa are false.”

Reposo said that the documentation of the falsely issued balances would allow the the investigation of a “very serious allegation” to continue.

The complaint that lead to the raid was based on a statement provided by José Pirillo, a former shareholder in Papel Prensa. He warned of the existence of an intelligence agency managed by the Clarín Group in order to “gain favors from the Justice department.”

The center of intelligence “took data of the judges on how much was spent on credit card charges and others, compared to the level of expenditure — and when they were excessive they went to see them to extort them” described Pirillo.

The raid was led by the commander of the Gendarmerie, Daniel Sulligoy, avancing the cause between two and eight months to process. The advancement “with which the cause is pending and is carrying out all such procedural measures to reach the truth,” said Reposo.

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Charges Filed Against Those Involved With Papel Prensa Sale

Argentina’s Human Rights Secretary, Eduardo Luis Duhalde, yesterday filed a lawsuit on behalf of the Federal Government calling for an investigation into the “illegal appropriation” of newsprint firm Papel Prensa. The Kirchner administration presented criminal charges against former leaders and officials of the military regime, and executives of local newspapers possibly involved in the 1976 sale of the company.

The formal complaint, filed by Duhalde in the city of La Plata before the Judicial System, demands an investigation of certain media authorities. It appeals for an examination of the evidence of Dirty War crimes of extortion and torture that may have occurred during the sale, which would constitute serious crimes against humanity.

Furthermore the paper discusses the role of the major media agencies associated with the dictatorship and includes details of press persecution and disappearances of journalists between 1976 and 1977.

President Kirchner has previously suggested that the newspapers obtained Papel Prensa through a forced sale, arresting and torturing the family of the owner, David Gravier, who had been covertly supporting the leftist guerrilla group, the Montoneros.

The official document, entitled “Papel Prensa: The Truth”, and consisting of some 200 pages, argues that through intimidation and threats, several victims were forced to sell their shares in Papel Prensa to national press agencies La Nación, Clarín, and La Razon (later absorbed by Clarín).

The investigation would summon Jorge Rafael Videla, Jose Alfredo Martinez de Hoz, and Hector Luis Magnetto, as well as the director of Clarín Laura Ernestina Herrera de Noble, among others.

Media giants La Nación and Clarín, with whom the Kirchners have been feuding for two years, deny the accusations and have rejected the investigation into possible crimes. Producing over 70% of the newsprint in Argentina, the majority of shares in Papel Prensa are owned by both La Nación and Clarín.

This development occurs following the Presidents’ request last month for a judicial resolution into whether “crimes against humanity” were committed by the military and civilians, forcing Papel Prensa to sell to the three newspapers.

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President Kirchner Delivers Speech Concerning Papel Prensa Controversy

On 24th August, President Kirchner spoke for over an hour to legislators, government officials, corporate executives and the like concerning the Papel Prensa scandal. The attendees were specially called by Secretary of the Interior Guillermo Moreno and their names are not being released to the press.

It is Kirchner’s contention that there was wrongdoing committed during the sale of Papel Prensa, which was sold by the Graiver family in 1976.  Lidia Papaleo, widow of David Graiver, was allegedly tortured in order for newspapers Clarin, La Nacion and La Razon to take stake in Papel Prensa.  Clarin maintains that these allegations are untrue.

Kirchner said the Treasury will instruct the attorney general’s chief-of-state lawyers to activate “the court filings that apply to try and give a boost to 33 years of handling obscurantist” Papel Prensa. It also announced it will send to Congress a bill to declare “the production of pulp and paper daily in Argentina a “public interest” and regulate its distribution and marketing.

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As a possible ‪Grexit‬ looms in the old continent, we revisit Marc Rogers' article comparing Greece's current situation to Argentina's own 2001-2 crisis.

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